When the right time comes, adoption is a two step process. In order for a child to be eligible for adoption, the appropriate biological parent or parents must have had their parental rights terminated. After termination, an adoption can proceed. Families can pursue adoption of their step-child, relative, or unrelated child, depending upon the circumstances and if proper legal criteria is met. For some families, conservatorship (custody) as opposed to adoption is in the best interest of the children.